L'agenda de John Singlaub est décrit dansInside the shadow government
Intéressant de noter que John K. Singlaub rencontre Robert K. Brown en juin 1985 et que la 18° conférence de la WACL a commencé le 9 septembre 1985 à Dallas sous la présidence de John K. Singlaub.
Le 27 septembre 1985, c'est l'attaque des tueurs du Brabant à Braine l'Alleud et Overijse.
Il est à mon avis probable que Robert K. Brown et "Tony Poe" y ont participé.
C'est aussi à cette date qu'il faut placer le témoignage de Joël Lhost (voiture ouvreuse, DIA).
Au sujet de la réunion de la WACL en septembre 1985 à Dallas :
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Los Angeles Times - Los Angeles, Calif.
Rightist Crusade Finds Its Way Into Spotlight Led by Retired Gen. Singlaub, Anti-Communist League Is Funnel for Private Funds to Contras
|Date:||Sep 16, 1985|
Retired Maj. Gen. John K. Singlaub stood ramrod-straight beneath pink crystal chandeliers and the white glare of television lights.
He gazed across a ballroom filled with Texas millionaires, Nicaraguan rebels, South American rightists and Chinese anti-Communists. To his surprise, he said later, a tear welled up in his soldierly eye.
"President Reagan is our symbol of strength," he said, "the triumph of God's will against the evil of Communist tyranny."
The audience stood up and cheered. It cheered again for a Nicaraguan anti-Sandinista rebel commander who lost a leg in battle, for an Afghan rebel whose fingers were blown off by a mine and for a grandmotherly-looking heiress who has given the contras-as the Nicaraguan insurgents are called-$65,000 to buy a helicopter.
These are heady days for the World Anti-Communist League.
A worldwide network of rightist groups led by Singlaub, 64, the former U.S. commander in Korea who retired in 1978 after publicly charging then-President Jimmy Carter with ignoring the Communist threat, the league was virtually unknown until a few months ago.
Once riven by neo-Nazis and anti-Semites, it has suddenly found itself the object of public attention as the most effective source of private funds for the contras.
Now, the organization, with chapters in 98 nations, says it plans to provide the same service for anti-Communist insurgents in Africa and Asia, becoming a new factor in Third World politics: a ready-made, fund-raising network for rightists.
Singlaub's fervent fund-raisers believe they are riding the crest of a wave. And in large part, they think their new momentum comes from having a friend in the White House.
"I commend you all for your part in this noble cause," Reagan told the organization's members in a letter to its annual conference here last week. "Our combined efforts are moving the tide of history toward world freedom."
Reagan's letter stressed his commitment to promoting democracy in place of both rightist and leftist dictatorships, a basic tenet of what some officials have called the "Reagan Doctrine."
But Singlaub and other league members were quick to defend the world's remaining rightist autocrats.
The meeting's delegates included an aide to Paraguay's Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, South America's longest-reigning dictator, and a Guatemalan rightist who U.S. officials charge has helped organize death squads in Central America. Delegates from Spain, Portugal and Argentina openly waxed nostalgic about the fallen dictatorships in their now-democratic countries.
And the conference took time out to send a telegram to Chile's president, Gen. Augusto Pinochet, congratulating him on the anniversary of his 1973 coup d'etat against a Marxist regime. "That was one place where the people overthrew a Communist government," Singlaub said.
`Idiocies of Congress'
"We are trying to organize programs of support to anti-Communist resistance movements to fill the gaps left by the idiocies of Congress," Singlaub, a man who relishes direct speech, said in an interview.
In the case of the contras, he said, "The remarkable thing is that an effort on the part of the private sector kept them from collapsing." The CIA funded the contras from 1981 until Congress halted the aid in 1984; in July, Congress agreed to resume funding but only for "non-lethal" supplies.
Administration officials have acknowledged that, in the interim, they directed some would-be donors to Singlaub but say they did not actively solicit contributions or advise Singlaub on the effort.
Support for Reagan
"The President's policy was clear," Singlaub said. "We just designed a program that we thought was carrying out the President's desires."
The retired general, who earlier ran a private aid program for the army of El Salvador with direct help from the Pentagon, said he abstained from almost any contact with the Administration because Congress had prohibited U.S. aid of any kind.
But, noting that he has long known several Administration officials-and that three members of his chapter have been named ambassadors by Reagan-he said, "I don't think we're out of touch."
Adolfo Calero, one of the contras' top leaders, says Singlaub has been his most effective fund-raiser in the United States, perhaps because the retired general makes no bones about going beyond purely "humanitarian" aid to help the rebels' military effort.
Heiress Gives Up Cruises
His donors include Ellen Garwood, the elderly Austin heiress who says she "just gave up going on cruises and buying fancy dresses" to help the contras, and oil billionaire Nelson Bunker Hunt, who attended the league's "Freedom Fighters' Ball" here last week and lauded Singlaub for raising money "when our government should have been doing it."
Singlaub said he has no way of estimating how much he has raised for the contras because many donors give supplies rather than cash. (Calero has said the rebels have been given almost $25 million during the last year, most of it from outside the United States, reportedly including some covert aid from Latin American governments.)
Federal laws prevent Singlaub from using money raised in the United States for buying guns and ammunition, and that is where the league's network comes in. Especially in Latin America, the organization has steered him to wealthy, well-connected rightists who can fund weapons purchases.
Friends Around World
"I can go to any country in the world and I know that I have a friend there who can help me get in touch with people I need," Singlaub said.
Now, he said, his group plans to expand its fund-raising efforts to help other insurgent movements in Afghanistan, Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
He said that league members in Portugal are already aiding rebels in the former Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique and that large chapters in Taiwan and South Korea have been active in Indochina.
In their weeklong convention in a Dallas luxury hotel, the league's regional organizations agreed on "action plans" for helping rebellions but refused to make them public.
"We'll let you know once we've done some of it," said Walter Chopiwskyj, a Ukrainian-American activist who serves on the board of Singlaub's U.S. Council for World Freedom, the Phoenix-based U.S. chapter of the league. "Right now, we're just talking about plans."
Pitches for Help
That disclaimer did not stop dozens of anti-Communist guerrillas and would-be guerrillas from around the world from turning up in Dallas to make pitches for help, each offering reasons his rebellion deserved special attention.
They ranged from the contras' Calero to members of two competing Afghan groups who eyed each other warily. They included former South Vietnamese army officers hoping to organize a rebellion in their homeland, and a lonely representative from Kachinland, an ethnic minority area of Burma, who worked vainly to get his small insurrection added to the league's list.
Private-enterprise insurgency is a relatively new mission for Singlaub's organization, which was founded in 1967 by members of Taiwan's ruling Kuomintang party mainly as a vehicle for organizing opposition to Communist-ruled mainland China.
For most of its 18-year history, the league has concentrated on forging links among rightist groups in Europe and elsewhere, helping rightist regimes in Latin America fight leftist revolution and fulminating against what this year's final communique called "false expectations on Peking's current posture."
And during that earlier period, its membership included factions dominated by ex-Nazis, anti-Semites and officials of some of the most savagely repressive dictatorships in Latin America. Its Latin American regional organization served as a meeting ground for individuals bent on maintaining rightist power in the area, regardless of the human costs.
In a 1982 interview with The Times, for example, Salvadoran rightist leader Roberto D'Aubuisson said that he attended a 1980 conference of the Latin American chapter in Argentina, then ruled by rightist military officers who are now on trial for killing thousands of suspected leftists.
Accompanied by Guatemalan rightist leader Mario Sandoval Alarcon, D'Aubuisson said he met with Argentine "civilian advisers" whom he later brought to El Salvador to instruct the Salvadoran National Guard in countersubversion, a program that contributed to the bloody campaigns of the death squads.
In those days, the league's Latin American group was run by Argentine, Paraguayan, Brazilian and Mexican rightists, according to league records.
The Mexican chapter helped precipitate a crisis in the organization in the early 1970s when it joined with some European chapters to recruit neo-Nazi and anti-Semitic groups. The British and American chapters withdrew from the league for a time in protest.
But not until 1984, when Singlaub became chairman, were the last anti-Semites finally expelled. And today, even his critics credit the general for sincerity in trying to root out such elements.
"They were ejected . . . because of their radical views and because they were recruiting groups for membership in WACL that were not only anti-Semitic but were headed by Nazis-even, in one case, an SS group," Singlaub said last week.
But some of the individual Paraguayans and others who shared the leadership of the organization's Latin American region are still in the organization, and Singlaub acknowledges he has not yet established complete control over the membership.
The normally unflappable general was taken aback last week when reporters informed him that Sandoval, the Guatemalan rightist, was a delegate at his convention.
"I didn't know that," Singlaub confessed. "He must be here as an observer, not as a delegate."
Told that Sandoval was, in fact, the chief of the Guatemalan delegation, Singlaub rallied to his support:
"He may have been part of (the old Latin American organization), but he does not hold anti-Semitic views. . . . You can accuse Sandoval of all sorts of things, but to my knowledge he has never been charged with anything by his government."
The league's turn toward support of anti-Communist insurgencies coincided with the Reagan Administration's adoption of the Nicaraguan rebels and the gradual emergence of the Reagan Doctrine-the proposition that supporting such rebellions should be an integral part of U.S. foreign policy.
Singlaub's anti-Communist group has a variety of links to the Administration. He has served as a consultant to the Pentagon; members of his U.S. Council for World Freedom are now the U.S. ambassadors to Guatemala, Costa Rica and the Bahamas, and many of Singlaub's donors have been Reagan campaign contributors as well.
His group criticizes the Administration fiercely on some issues: U.S. relations with China, pressure on South Africa over its apartheid policy of racial separation and aid to the Marxist government of Mozambique. But its members insist they are never angry at Reagan himself-only, they say, a little disappointed. "I believe he's had some very bad advice," Singlaub said.
As for the league's inclusion of outright authoritarians and its kindness toward rightist dictators, Singlaub's view is clear:
"Some of these regimes are more authoritarian than would be our standard," he said, ". . . but (they are) certainly anti-Communist.
"You either advocate Marxism-Leninism or you oppose it," he said. "You can't be halfway."Craig Pyes of the Center for Investigative Reporting contributed to this article.
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Je me demande qui est "General Muiti of Italy
Honorable Dr. Dao:
Thank you for the information. I did not have any attention to hurt your feeling. I only commented according to Yangsao's statement on the validity of your briefing. I have learned enough about our ancestors' past histories between Vue Paj Cai & Lor Blia Yao, Tou By
Ly & Fay Dang, Xay Soua & Zong Zoua, Paj Kaub & others Hmong rivals.
If I had disturbed your feeling in any shape of form. I was sorry for that and hope that you will forgive to me.
We both are no strangers to each other, we were both on the Chaos Fa highest staff for years, I still remembering my first visit at your house in St.paul before accompanying Pa Kao To open the World Anti-Communist at Jumba, Angola in 1985. We met again at Yang Teng 's house in Rochester, Minnesota.(Yang Teng,Chao Fa Secretary General is now back Fighting in the Laos )
In 1992 I came to support You & yang chee in Colorado, Tou Lu asked me to tell you to call him, we met again during Sdeck siloyavong visit Moua Sao and last time was at Dr. Neng Yang graduation Party in Brooklyn Park last year.
Both of you and I were not elected by the People to be Leader, but we are well-known to everyone, because our sacrifice to help the peoples.
Our credentials and philosophies are differences, but we are heading to the same gaol.
You were the first Hmong PHD, High level official for the Royal Lao government, helped Hmong at the refugee Camps in Thailand and France, NeoHom's Former Deputy Secretary general, Pa Koa's top Advisor, Yang chee Advisor, and now Communist LPDR Lobbier.
I am who I was. I am now 44 and still standing firm with Chao Fa, In 1980 I was the first Hmong Freedom Fighter who visited the Carter's Government in Washington D.C., in 1985 the Reagan's administration sent me to accompany Pa Kao Her from Thailand to attend the First world Anti Communist in Angola, In September 1985, and CO-representatives and Speaker of Hmong-Lao Resistance at the U.S. 18th annual Conference in Dallas, Texas which chair by Major General Singlaub and U.S. State Department. In 1981 I went to lobby the United Nations and Un passed. 2 resolutions for Pathet-Lao stop killing Hmong in Laos.
In addition to that I have met with Thai's Deputy Minister in Bang Kok, Sdeck Chao Sihanouk, Prime Minister SonSan of Cambodia, Chinese high officials in D.C. and Beijing, President Savimbee in Jumba, South Africa Presidential aid in Jonhasburg, Colonel mulmark, Mr. Casto of Nicaragua , General muiti of Italy
, and In October 20002 I declared Chao Fa Candidacy for Lao Presidential to challenge Khamtay Siphandone at the U.S. Congressional in D.C.
Get back to the Comment told Hmong not to flee: In 1986 while Colonel Hang Sao, Chia Long Vue, Her Seng, And I meeting with General Muiti of Italy
in Rome, Pa Kao Called from Thailand that you have Joined him as Minister, you were the 1st person invited Pa Kao to you house during his visit in St. Paul, MN. You will also send Major Yang Fue & Yang Teng to meet Pa Kao in Thailand later. Colonel Hang replied that Dao could be Double agents. Please, be careful. and Chia Long Vue said, in May 1975 Dao & my Son Tou Vue slept in my house at Rooj Vaub Kib, he told us not to flee, only the Leader changed, that's why many of my people still remaining behind.
Colonel Hang again said that was true, my agent reported back to Longcheng that Dao did say it to the Hmong People in Rooj Vaub Kib. I said to them, just move forward and forget about in the past. As long as we have Dao with our team, we are heading to the right direction.
About Toulu, Tou Long & Sai Dang: I do not know how Tou long & Sai Dang feel torward you, but Tou Lu is my Brother ( His Father is My Father older Brother). Last year his former boss sent him to negotiate with me in Michigan for the Unification of Hmong, he told us a lot about you which you may not want to hear it.
You asked where is Neohom today? I tell you the true that I do not know, because I am not a Membership of them.
You then asked where is my Chao Fa? Dr. Dao. we are all over the place. BBC London & the entire world included Khamtay Siphandone already knew who we are. Sdeck Soliyong Svang is now the new Chao Fa Leader replacing the highnest Chao Fa Singsvangvong. Our Forces are struggling Communist Vietcong-Lao Viet in The Xaysounboun region day & night without outside support. ( Please, do not say you that you still do not know where is Chao Fa?). and I am still here challenging Khamtay Siphandone for the Lao Presidency in year 2007.
You mentioned about foreign aid: If Pa Kao Signed the China offer, Chao Fa would run Kaisorn to the Mekong River in 1979. If Kaisorn did not sent Kham Seng & Cha NhiaHeu to trick Pa Kao and General Snan in Thailand for reconciliation. fire would be blasted in Laos during the Reagan's Administration.
May I ask you who granted the special permission to fly Pa Kao From Thailand to Angola, to D.C. and now his dead body remaining in Fresno, California? and for what purpose?
You also challenged me to stop Chao Fa so you will go to the U.S. congress for help. Dr. Dao. Chao Fa is not the problem, U.S. Congress is not the resolution, As soon as you could convince Communist LPDR to open free election in Laos with the monitor of United Nations, we will disarm Chao Fa by ourselves. Otherwise, we'll fight to the Last person just like Zong Khang takes a long walk from St.Paul,MN to Washington, D.C.
Dr. Dao you & I are the first two Hmong Christians that got involve with politic to rescue our Peoples, we also belong to the same
domination, every time I come to MN, I came to worship at your church in St. Paul. When your Mother passed away I also came to pay respect her body, we checked hand now and then, my cousin also married your sister. Please, do not have any heart feeling toward each other. In the Bible said we must forgive 77 times. Therefore; Please, do not allow political climate to block our friendships, whatever path you & I chose to go on are our own decision and may God guides our direction to reach each destination successfully.
May god give you healthy & happy forever and ever.
P.S. I will go with you anywhere as friend, but not with the Communist PDR. O.K."because two of my Brothers have been killed by the Communist Lao-viet without any wrong doing. Therefore; I am not ready to heal without any condition
Now I am on my way to Soul.
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Bee Moua est cité ci-dessous :
http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1985/Anti-Communist-Fighters-Meet-In-Dallas/id-51610c4eb908f8194b80b4bdd953adacAnti-Communist Fighters Meet In Dallas
AP , Associated Press
Sep. 11, 1985 4:03 AM ET
ADDISON, TEXAS ADDISON, Texas (AP) _ Money and power dominate the shop talk and security is tight as resistance leaders from around the world gather to drum up support and financial aid during the World Anti-Communist League conference.
''Each country has a different way of struggle,'' Bee Moua, who belongs to a group aiding Laotian guerrillas, said Tuesday. ''We hope to share with our friends from other parts of the world and to learn from them.''
Representatives of anti-communist movements in Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Ethiopia and Mozambique are expected to speak at the five-day conference that began Tuesday at the Registry Hotel. About 300 people are expected to attend the conference, organizers say.
''We've come to show the world what they (Soviets) mean when they talk about peace,'' Afghan rebel Abdul Martin, 20, who recently lost both hands to a Soviet land mine, said through an interpreter.
The league and its American arm, the U.S. Council of World Freedom, hold the annual conference to promote awareness of the ''world communist menace'' and to raise funds, said retired U.S. Army Maj. Gen. John Singlaub, chairman of both organizations.
''We want to develop an awareness of the fact that there are countries whose people have been so abused that they've decided better dead than red,'' Singlaub said. ''Our primary philosophy is that we're pro-freedom. Our greatest concern is the human misery caused in those countries taken over by communism.''
Singlaub retired in 1978 after disagreeing loudly and publicly with President Jimmy Carter's defense and foreign policies. He recently attracted attention when he said White House national security officials advised him on raising money for resistance movements after Congress stopped CIA aid to Nicaraguan rebels.
During the conference, members will participate in workshops and seek ways to aid resistance movements, Singlaub said. ''For example, if a big problem is a lack of understanding in Europe of Nicaragua, the solution might be to sponsor a visit to Europe'' of Nicaraguan resistance leaders, he said.
''If the Afghans say their most serious problem is lack of medicine, the solution might be to ship medicines and even doctors to them.''
Several groups have threatened to protest the meeting, including the Dallas chapter of the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador and the World Affairs Council.
Singlaub dismisses the protests as communist-inspired, but Linda Hijek, of the El Salvador group, scoffed at that description.
''We have a responsibility to speak for the truth concerning U.S.-supported aggression against Nicaragua,'' she said.
Security at the hotel is tight. Delegates carry two passport-size photographs as positive identification, and special badges are required to enter the conference.
''There were threats to Dallas police so we wanted to take some form of action,'' Singlaub said.
_ _ _ Early May 1985
Lt. Col. Oliver North, Adolfo Calero, Richard Secord and John Singlaub meet in North's NSC office to discuss weapons procurement. Singlaub, who is representing a private firm, GeoMiliTech Consultants Corporation, offers a lower price on surface-to-air missiles than Secord, but North and Calero decide the sale should go to Secord because he can provide training. Less than two weeks later, however, Calero places a $5 million order with Singlaub for weapons to be purchased through GeoMiliTech Consultants Corporation in Europe. Unlike Secord, whose commission averaged 38 percent on weapons sold to the Contras, Singlaub adds almost no mark-up. The weapons are delivered to Central America on July 8, 1985. But Calero's authority to purchase weapons is soon removed by Lt. Col. Oliver North and no other weapons are purchased from anyone other than Secord. (Iran-Contra Affair, p. 51)December 1985
GeoMiliTech Consultants Corporation, an arms brokerage run by Barbara Studley with the assistance of John Singlaub, submits a plan to the CIA to arm rebel forces around the world outside of official U.S. government channels. The plan appears to embody what Lt. Col. Oliver North later describes as William Casey's desire to create an "off-the-shelf" independent covert capability. Its objective is "to create a conduit for maintaining a continuous flow of Soviet weapons and technology, to be utilized by the United States in its support of Freedom Fighters in Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Cambodia, Ethiopia, etc." The idea is to create a "Three-way Trade" involving the People's Republic of China, Israel and the United States. The United States would provide credit to Israel for the purchase of high technology equipment and information. Based on the value of that credit, Israel would deliver military hardware to China which would allow the Chinese to upgrade their military forces and readiness. China would in turn ship Soviet-compatible weapons to a "neutral foreign trading company" -- GeoMiliTech -- which would then disburse those weapons "as per directions from the United States" to "freedom fighters worldwide, mandating neither the consent nor awareness of the
Department of State or Congress." ([Proposal to Use GeoMiliTech to Provide a Flow of Weapons to Insurgent Forces], 12/86)